Autumn semester of 1998
Topic of the semester: TIME IN THE OPEN AND NONLINEAR WORLD
Presentation of a new book "RELATIONAL THEORY OF SPACE-TIME AND INTERACTIONS. VOLUME 2". Yu. S. VLADIMIROV.
Yu. A. DANILOV. "CLASSICAL AND NEW NOTIONS ON CHAOS. CRITICAL REVIEW OF THE POLEMIC PAPER "SCIENCE OF CHAOS OR CHAOS IN SCIENCE?" BY J. BRICMONT". In his excellent review of recent popular publications on the subject of "deterministic chaos", "arrow of time", "irreversibility" and so on, claiming to refute and reject classical views of Laplace and Boltzmann, J. Bricmont elucidates the basic notions of classical science and demonstates that science of chaos, properly understood and interpreted, only strengthen the position of classics. In the report the position of probability and its role in science is discussed in more details.It is shown how subtle is the notion of random sequence, and the strong points of irreducible approach to dynamics is demonstrated.
To 90th anniversary of N. A. Kozyrev
"FROM PIERRE CURIE TO NIKOLAY KOZYREV". V. E. ZHVIRBLIS.
S. M. KOROTAEV. "THE EXPERIMENT ON VERIFICATION OF EXISTENCE OF KOZYREV'S INTERACTION OF THE NATURAL PROCESSES". The experiment on verification of existence of new type of physical interaction suggested by N.A.Kozyrev was performed. The experimental setup included two types of detectors measuring the self-potentials of the electrodes in marine water and the dark current of the photomultiplier. Both detectors were protected of known sources of classical effects.Natural time variations of the potentials and the dark currents were recorded in period range 1 minute - 1 year. Number of new effects was discovered: correlation of the potentials with the dark current and the potential on another distant setup; advanced reaction of the potentials on the Earth magnetic field; nonlocal reaction of the potentials on the environmental temperature with retarded, instantaneous and advanced lag; relation the of potentials with the sudden ionospheric disturbances. Interpretation of this effects on the base of developed Kozyrev's idea on the active properties of time is rather successful.
The Survey of the recent literature rewiewed in "Time's News" of International Society for the Study of Time. I. N. GANSVIND
S. D. HAITUN. "FUNDAMENTAL ESSENCE OF EVOLUTION". In the monograph "Mechanics and Irreversibility" (Moscow: Janus, 1996), the author tried to show that the interpretation of the entropy as the measure of disorder is erroneous. If it is correct, the contra diction between the evolution towards the complexity growth and the entropy increase is taken off.However, if entropy is not neither measure of the order, nor measure of the disorder, why then the evolution occurs towards the complexity growth? The report tries to find the answer to this question.
Preview of future report "THE METHOD OF BRANCHY LOGICS AND ITS EXPERIENCE DEMONSTRATION". A. V. KOGANOV
V. G. BUDANOV. "TIME OPERATOR". The quantum reality representation is developed in exponded space of states, the time operator for this space bring a correct object. It can be interpreted as one of the superoperators of quantum mesurements. The connection of this approach is followed with the Weil symbol analysis and symbol interpretation of quantum theory. The role of bifurcations in nonlinear quantum systems is disscussed. The conseption of time-operator of Misra-Prigogine is considered.
The survey of literature: "THE CATASTROPHE THEORY: PARTICLES AS SINGULARITIES". V. V. KASSANDROV
A. V. BELINSKY, D. N. KLYSHKO. "BELL`S PARADOX: QUANTUM NONLOCALITY OR A PRIORY NONEXISTENCE OF PARAMETERS?" A well-known and actual now paradox of quantum mechanics is discussed. On the example of the experiment with three photones it is shown, that quantum theory results are nonjoint with "common sense". This cont rudiction is accepted to explain by "quantum nonlocality". Howeser a less fantastic - "minimum" viewpoint is possible: to refuse from the hypothesis of the priori existence of some parameters of quantum objects (polarization parameters, photon namber in the field and oth.) before their mesurement. (D.N.Klyshko, A.V.Belinsky. Are fotons exist? Russian journal "Science and life" 1995, No12, p.28; N.V.Evdokimov, D.N.Klyshko, V.P.Komolov, V.A.Yarochkin. Beel's inequalities and EPR-Bohm correlations: a workinq classical radio model. "Uspehi physicheskich nauk" 1996, v.166, p.91, in Rassian; A.V.Belinsky, D.N.Klyshko. Interference of Light of the Third and Fourth Orders and the Notion of a Photon. Laser Physics v.6, No6, p.1082; A.V.Belinsky. Bell's theorem for trichotomic obser vables. "Uspehi physicheskich nauk" 1997, v.167, No3, p.323, in Russian.)
"THE THICKNESS OF TIME ACCORDING TO P. FLORENSKY". V. M. SARYCHEV
S. F. TIMASHEV. "TIME ARROW AS A "COLOUR" FRACTAL". Time series and space structures are the sourceses of the main information about the natural system evolution .The power spectra, the difference moments (the "structure functions"), the wavelet-analysis.The power laws of Nature (flicker-noise and shot-noise in the electron-conductive systems and DNA, the Kolmogorov-Obukhov law in hydrodynamics, the Gutenberg-Rikhter law in geophysics and astrophysics, the Ziepf-Pareto law in sociology and economocs, the Eastu-Ziepf-Mandelbrot law in linguistics, the flicker-noise in musics, etc.). The stationary nonequilibrium distributions and the "Self-Organized criticality" conception. The main regularities of the nonlinear dissipate system evolution. Evolution as a time colour fractal, the evolution "polychromism". The general relations for the power spectra and the difference moments of the different orders. The Kolmogorov K-entropy components are the phenomenological parameters of the evolution dynamic system states. The fractal essence of the anomalous diffusion. The "laboratory" (external) time and the specific "individual" (internal) time. "Time arrow". The genesis of the "time arrow"irreversibility. The concept on the system of the "enclosured" thermo stats. The fundamental impossibility of the ideal thermostat existence. (Timashev,S.F. 1996. Physico chemical principles of global ecology. Mendeleev Chemistry Journal. 40: 155-169; Timashev,S.F. 1997. Flicker-noise as an indicator of the "Time Arrow". Methodology of the time series analysis on the base of the deterministic chaos theory. Mendeleev Chemistry Journal. 41. No3: 17-29; Timashev,S.F. 1998. The principles of the nonlinear system evolution. Mendeleev Chemistry Journal. 42. No3: 18-35; Timashev,S.F. et al. 1998. The methodology of time series analysis on the base of the deterministic chaos theory. In Atlas of Temporal Variations of natural,anthropogenic and Social Processes. Vol.2. Cuclical Dynamics in the Nature and Society: 386-397. Scientific World. Moscow.)
Discussion: THE PHENOMENON OF S .E. SHNOL COSMOPHYSIC FLUCTUATIONS AND POSSIBLE EXPLICATION OF ITS NATURE. THE CONNECTION WITH TIME PHENOMENON. Presiding over the discussion is I. M. DMITRIEVSKY. The Shnol phenomenon (Russia Chemistry Journal,N.3, 1997. p.30) remains enigmatic and requires explication. What specifically interesting about the phenomenon is that it may be as a good test to evaluate euristic potentialities of various Space-Time Conctructions put forward earlier at the Seminar. In the course of discussion along with other items it is desirable to underline the following: 1) What is the cause of the Shnol phenomenon universality in processes of different nature and in systems with varions degree of complexity? 2) Is there a relation between N.A.Kozyrev active time properties idea and the Shnol phenomenon, if any, then of what kind? 3) What determines the methods' type to get the optimum display of the effect (choice of a time interval for isolated measurements, duration of statistic material accumulation, representation of measurement data in the form of gystogram and et cetera)? 4) What makes for peaks in gystogram spectres of discrete conditions and their change in time? 5) What stands behind the Shnol phenomenon dependence from local and world time in synchronized experiments carried out in varions geographic localities? 6) What effects of the Shnol phenomenon may be used to comrehend the time phenomenon?
Preview of future report "BIOLOGICAL CLOCKS AND EVOLUTIONARY TIME". S. V. CHUDOV
A. G. GAMBURTSEV, S. I. ALEXANDROV, O. V. OLEINIK. "ABOUT THE ATLAS OF TEMPORAL VARIATIONS IN THE NATURAL, ANTHROPOGENIC AND SOCIAL SPHERES". The features of the time history of processes in space, lithosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere and social sphere were considered. The key laws of the behaviour pattern of these proces ses were established. The basic notions of a uni fied system of comprehensive geodynamical, ecological, social and medical monitoring were developed. Such a system must be created in an effort to improve the de mographic and ecological situation and to provide the sustainable development of Russia. (Vol.1. The order and the chaos in lithosphere and other spheres. M.: United Institute of the Physics of the Earth RAS. 1994. Vol.2. Cyclic dynamics in nature and society. M.: "Scientific World". 1998.)
1700 Opening of exibition "VIEW OF ARTIST ON THE TIME." by I. SHINKAR
About importance: "JELLIED TIME". IGOR' SHINKAR.
V. V. SMOLIANINOV. "INSTRUMENTALIC DEVELOPMENT OF TIME NOTION".
Preview of future discussion "MATHEMATICS AND TIME". V. V. ARISTOV.
Yu. V. LINNIK. "SINERGETICS OF TIME".
Preview of future discussion "ERA OF AQUARIUS". A. V. MOSKOVSKY.
S. L. ZAGUSKIN. "FRACTAL NATURE OF BIORHYTHMS AND BIO-CONTROLLED CHRONOPHYSIOTHERAPY". Coevolution of environment and biosystem temporal organization. A hierarchy of biorhythms and levels of integration of biosystem.The biological measurement standards of time. Energetic criterions of biosystems stability.A discrete fractal structure of biorhythms. Multifrequency biological codes and signatyre control. Multifrequency parallel resonanse grab. Features of resonanses in biosystems. Kinds of desinchronosis and chronodiagnostic of biosystems state. Forecasting of direct edness of bioloical response. Biorhythmical control of living activity.Interactive methods of chronodiagnostic, automatic individual optimisation of treatment and control of a functional state of the person. The devices and methods of biocontrolled chronophysiotherapy the treatment not by shaking, and one-direction correction of gomeostasis. (Zaguskin S.L. Biorhythms: the power and the management.// Preprint IOFAN. No236. M.1986. 56p. Zaguskin S.L. et al// Doklady Academy Nauk SSSR, 277, No6, 1984, Pp.1468-1471. Zaguskin S.L. Current Problems in the Study and Protection of the Biosphere, Vol.1, Properties of the Biosphere and its External Relations, Gidrometeoizdat, St.Petersburg 1992, pp.72-82. Zaguskin S.L., Zaguskina L.D. Biophysics, Vol.40, No.5, pp.1127-1130. 1995 (Pergamon). Zaguskin S.L.// Isvestia Academy Nauk, ser.biol. 1991. N6. Pp.965-969, ib. 1993. No5. P.788-791; Komarov F.I., Zaguskin S.L., Rapoport S.I. Therapevtic; Orchiv. No8. 1994. Pp.3-6. Zaguskin S.L., Zaguskina L.D. Morfology. 1996. No4. Pp.1468-1471.)
About importance: "LANGUAGE AND AUTHORITY". ZOYA ZHURAVLYOVA.
M. B. LEVIN. "TIME "BEHAVIOUR": ASTROLOGICAL ASPECT".
About importance. SERGEY CHESNOKOV.
A. D. ARMAND. "TIME IN DOCTRINES OF THE ORIENT". Oriental time doctrines may appear for a Western mind as the the chain of paradoxes. But some of them now get their rational interpretation in the light of modern paradigms.Time is illusion. Neverthless it is being created and annihilated periodically. Time is temporal. When it disappears it remain nevertheless. Time is periodically being born by space. The Present,Past and Future exist simultaneously.Time is sinthesis of principles of stability and chengeability, In and Jan. Time is hierarhy of times. Our ancestors knew about fractal structure of time. It is possible to go out of time (for some time). The irreversibility of time is the consequense of the Karma low. The evolution of the Universum is conposed of evolution of Spirit, Matter and Mind. Time is given to a Man for implementation of the Kosmic tasks. The Jugas replactment provokes acceleration of time.
About importance. ALEXANDER GORODNITSKY.
V. V. FINOGEYEV. "A GENERAL THEORY OF FUTURE". The theory is an atlempt to lay the theoretical foundation to prediction of accidental process. The theory introduces general principles of informational distribution in hierachial world, making it possible to determine the future. The theory regard time as a phenomenon devoid of its own nature and squeeezes it into a specific "space".