Spring semester of 1999
Topic of the semester: TIME, LIFE, SOCIETY.
Opening of semester sessions.
I. A. KHASANOV. "TIME IN THE BIOLOGICAL SYSTEMS". Time as a duration measured by co-uniform processes. Theoretical and experimental foundations of the biological time conception. Mutual stochastic communication between biological and physical time. Hierarchical multi-levelness of living organisms and the problem of the biological time. Biological time and the "biological clocks". The philosophical concept and naturalscience notion of time. The conceptual lecture is addressed to scientists, lecturers, researchers, students and everybody, who is interested in nature of time. (I.A.Khassanov. Time Phenomenon. Part 1. Objective time. M. 1998. Chapter 5. Biological Time, in Russian.)
The new works about Time in Seminar Library. A. P. LEVICH.
V. S. REPIN. "TIMING AND INFORMATION INSIDE LIVING CELLS: NEW REALITIES IN MEDICINE". Clock-genes of Neurospora, Drosophila and primitive biosystems. Time processing inside somatic specialized human and animal cells. Telomerase is the timer of immortalized cell lines. Regional stem cells are the branch bank of life reserve for organs. Embryonic stem cell and recapitulation of embryogenesis. New technology of rejuvenation and manipulation with "timers" of living systems in medicine.
Preview of future survey "THE CHANGE OF TIME CONCEPTION FOR SCIENTIFIC PARADIGM SHIFT". V. V. NIZOVTSEV.
P. V. SVIRIDOV. "THE CREATION OF SYSTEMS OF SOCIO-POLITICAL AND FINANCIAL FORECASTING ON THE BASIS OF NEUROCOMPUTING AND HANDLING OF THE TEMPORAL FACTORS". The rhythms ruled a world, that is why the usage of space and planets cycles allows to structure the process of operation of sophisticated socio-political, financial and economic systems, to define stages of crisis and harmonic development of such formations as state, government, batch, plant and to forecast on this basis probable models of their further development. Are the history, policy, business made by the people or through the people? How to improve reliability of a composite system? Whether probably reliable to describe the future rates of exchange indices and dynamic of system crises? The answer to these and other problems is given with the authoring conception, reinforced by powerful techniques of neurocomputing technologies and computering solutions.
About importance: "THE SCIENCE AND CULTURE PROBLEMS IN THE BOOKS OF "PROGRESS-TRADITSIYA" PUBLISHING-HOUSE". B. V. ORESHIN.
S. V. CHUDOV. "BIOLOGICAL AND EVOLUTIONARY TIME". Discreteness and continuity of evolutionary time. The theory of "punctuated equilibrium". Possible mechanisms of failure of continuity of development. S.V.Meien's concept: "time is variability of individual". Continuous variability and gaps in sequences of forms. Species as a quantum of variability. Rate of species formation and rate of evolution: are the typical times of species formation and of species existence comparable? Ecological and statistical (Fisher's) approaches to species formation. Reversibility of adaptive changes. Evolution as succession. Equifinality of development and conception of ecological climax.
Short communication about Round Table on irreversibility (Sorbonne, Paris, July 1998). V. V. ARISTOV.
A. M. OLOVNIKOV. "THE PROBLEM OF AGEING AND THE ROLE OF CHROMOSOME CLOSING".
"PSYCHOANATOMY OF TIME". A. P. KULAICHEV.
N. A. ZARENKOV. "TIME AND SEMIOTIC LIFE THEORY". The organisms, its flesh, are the signs of life. The life is the meaning of organisms-signs in context of biological species. As any spatial thing, the organismal flesh is number and its meaning is out of time. The time is extended in nature together with the meaning of words, describing the life of nature; the separate organism is participial to life of species. In turn, our recognition of potentially infinite existence of species ("geometrical progression") is ethical feeling contained in the triadic meaning of word. Therefore, the age of living nature doesn't exceed the age of human language. The biological bilingua is lingua of numbers (the spatial flesh, a sign) and lingua of words (the time, the life as meaning of signs). (Zarenkov N.A. Introduction to theory of biology. Moscow, 1988. 213 pp. in Russian.)
About Importance: "ADVANCE OF "GREEN" MOVEMENT". V. L. KOSENKO.
A. V. GOMAN'KOV. "S. V. MEYEN'S TYPOLOGICAL CONCEPTION OF TIME: SOURCES AND PROSPECTS". Origin of the typological conception of time. Typology as the alternative for physics. Time as the variability of individual. Time of archetype and time of taxon. How many times are there? Could each time be measured? Topology of time as a task for future.
Opening of art exhibition "HOMO SAPIENS" by MICHAEL ZLATKOVSKY.
About importance: "THE THEORY AND THE PRACTICE OF CONCEPT-CULTURE". M. ZLATKOVSKY.
THE JUBILEE SESSION OF SEMINAR.
About importance: "THE OPEN SEMINAR ON TIME STUDY: RUSSIA AND WEST". O. V. MARKOV.
Yu. A. ERSHOV. "GLOBAL BIOLOGICAL TIME AND ITS PARAMETRISATION IN QUASY-CHEMICAL SPACE". The traditional model of a biological movement is a moving of a state vector in multidimensional space of substrates and species sets at different stages of development is considered. The astronomical hours are accepted as the universal time reference. The model is described in the terms of the quasy-chemical equations. Mathematical model of a movement is the differential kinetic equations. The last maps the appropriate quasy-chemical equations. The global biological time is represented as a mapping of astronomical time to biomass (the total species number) at various levels of biological structure. The kinetic coefficients of the movement equations act as parameters of biological time. Realization of the offered approach is two-stage model of a biological population. (Yu.A. Ershov. // Quasi-Chemical Models of the Growth of Biological Popula- tions in the Presence of Inhibitors and Promoters. Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry. Vol. 72, No. 3. 1998. pp. 470-475. Yu.A. Ershov. // Energy and kinetics of information interactions. Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry. 1999 (in a press).)
About importance: "FIXATION" OF TIME AS RAISON D'ETRE". M. NAGAEV.
A. D. ARMAND. "SCIENCE AND PHILOSOPHY ABOUT EVOLUTION AND INVOLUTION". The modern scientific knowledge having excellent achievements nevertheless leaves some fundamental questions of world outlook open. Between them: does it exist an aim of the World development; will it be the end of Cosmic evolution, what final state does it move to or maybe it is reversible and endless; what is the role of human civilization in that movement and is it some sense in the being of any individual person? The limited possibilities of scientific knowledge is being traditionally compensated by philosophical-religious conceptions, particulary by conceptions of the Ancient Orient. We propose to discuss the question of their possible contribution to cognition of the World at the report.
Preview of the future report "SPACE AND TIME AS ANTHROPOMORPHIC CATEGORY OF MECHANICS AND PHYSICS". O. A. CHEREPANOV.
M. I. SHTERENBERG. "A PHENOMENON OF LIFE AND BEGINNING OF THE ESSENCE THEORY OF SYSTEMS. A MEASURE, ARROW AND ESSENCE OF TIME". A problem of Bertalanthy as a problem of synthesis of sciences in frameworks ETS and creation of the tool of the analysis of live and automatic systems. The requirement of a microcosm as a condition of restriction of combination of set about possible systems and criterion of their classification. Specificity of life as of a way of preservation of systems at the expense of outstripping reactions. Elementary structure of live and automatic systems and definition on it of initial elementary concepts ETS: a signal, information, knowledge, sense (purpose), management, program and organisation. Principles of construction of structures of the higher order. Definition of life. Representations about time on Boltsman, Edington, Reihenbah, Prigogine. The programs of evolution of Space and life. The theory of relativity as an illustration of their realization. Biological time on V.Ru, A.Veitsman, B.Rubner, I.A.Arshavsky, S.V.Meyen, T.A.Detlaf, V.I.Vernadsky. Number of Haiflic, temporary programs of genome and anabiosis. The information as a measure of time and program as its arrow. The information and bifurcations. Hierarchy of the programs of external and internal time. Direct both feedback of the programs and freedom of will. The laws of a nature as a rigid part of the programs. A combination of duration and information. The analysis of N.A.Kozyrev's point of view.
Preview of future report "PREDICTION OF SUCCESS". V. L. TATKO.
Z. D. USMANOV. "NATURAL METRICS OF PROCESSES IN THE VIVID NATURE". Variations of a process state as the foundation in a definition of the time nature. An internal time computed by the mathematical model of the process. The "space"- time metric generated by the definition of the internal time of a process. Interpretation perspectives of geometric concepts in terms of a process.
Preview of future report "EXEGESIS AND PROBLEMS OF TIME". A. V. DUBINKIN.
V. G. BUDANOV. "THE FRACTAL NATURE OF TIME IN HIERARCHICAL COMPOUND SYSTEMS". The model of fractal organization of time in systems with hierarchical access to recource of voluntary nature is proposed. Cosmological, biological and social systems are considered.
I. G. MALKINA-PYKH. "USING THE RESPONSE FUNCTIONS METHOD FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF BIOLOGICAL TIME SCALE". The general approach to the development of biological time scale is proposed in the process of mathematical modelling of biological and ecological systems dynamics. A basis for the given approach are the ideas about the leading role of environmental factors in the process of realization of the genetic program of ontogenesis. The method of response functions developed in details by the author is proposed as the basis for the development of biological time scale. The general theory of ontogenesis and its basic laws are applicable to a wide range of ecological and biological systems, thus the potentialities of the proposed approach are broad enough.
Preview of next semester's Seminar program. A. P. LEVICH.
A. V. KOGANOV. "THE WORK WITH A CONTRADICTORY AXIOMATICS BY BRANCHY LOGIC BASIS". A contradiction of mathematical models in natural science and techniques begin often from a contradictory initial statements. On base of inductor space theory the spatial branchy mathematical logic is built, which consructs the tree of non-contradictory theories from contradictory axiomatics. It uses the automat-theoretic model of logic in branchy logic time. That makes possible not to repeat twice one contradiction. A originating disjoint theories require additional selection by empirical base. In conformity to the Art , that method makes possible to build alternative interpretation of works. The branchy logic may be considered as mathematical model of human thinking on initial stage of phenomenon study.